Saturday, January 25, 2014

Perished

Unknown you are to me
How long so you will be
Will you not come over?
What makes you hide
In the darkness of this night
Behind those dusky clouds
Holding a grim shroud.
Building up shadows,
Your envoys, dancing,
Squeeze life out
From the streaming
Red river, turning
It cold blue.
Leaving me zest-less,
Fenced with umbra,
Standing, facing you,
Writhing with pain,
Twisting, tossing,
And agonized,
Lay I.
Bereft of life.
Longing.

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

"Censorship is to art as lynching is to justice."



When we look at what is happening in Burma or Pakistan or Bangladesh, the classic response of Indian liberals is that India is a democracy and we are not like them. However, we can no longer afford this complacency. The world's greatest paintings, sculptures, lofty epics are asphyxiated, as prudes and prigs, and state moralists often prescribe archetypes and proscribe contentions. One can trace a history of book bans in India, starting from Kiran Nagarkars’s play Bedtime stories, to Aubrey Menon’s Rama retold; a satirical look on Ramayana, to Salman Rushdie’s Satanic Verses. Deepa Mehta's flick Fire was banned for showing a lesbian relationship which according to its opponents was against indian tradition and "distorts" indian culture. 

The banning ramanujam's essay - 300 Ramanayas - was justified by giving the argument that a student exposed to alternate ways of thinking will necessarily adopt them, instead of doing what is actually expected of students, which is to evaluate the information you are presented with.  If one can edit out inconvenient truths or inconvenient ways of seeing India's history from university syllabi, or ensure that there is silence around many subjects — a discussion of religion, a discussion of Shivaji's life or the lives of key players in the National Movement — we come one step closer to ensuring that it is only our narrow view of history and India that will gain ground. Its true that new ideas are often difficult to comprehend, and old convictions are hard to break down but one need to give ideas enough time for critical evaluation so that we can give credit to what we discern to be truth and discredit what we discern to be false.

If proponents of censorship cannot agree with the benefits associated with allowing diverse ideas to circulate freely, then we are presented with another dilemma: what authority would be allowed to determine which ideas are true and which are false? Human beings are not infallible and are apt to mistakenly view a false idea as truth or vice versa. In India the ban on the satanic verses was announced by its finance minister!! Who are they to decide what Indians may or may ot read. When Shiv Sena or Bajrang Dal or Vishwa Hindu Parishad attack MF Hussain's paintings or demand a ban on the film do they really have even a keen understanding of what the art is all about. How can they have the authority to decide the question for all mankind and exclude every other person from the means of judging. To refuse a hearing to an opinion because they are sure that it is false is to assume that their certainty is the same thing as absolute certainty.

I am not saying that censorship should be completely done away with. In the case of children below 18yrs it is required in some aspects. But at the same time it is also true that undeveloped capacities for logic and reason does not mean that their access to mature information should be denied. Instead they should receive guidance in how to properly interpret and evaluate the content of ideas presented to them. We need to believe in the capability and maturity of our new generation, who with their wide exposure in the global context will soon develop their own check-valves according to the needs of the day.

We claim to be living in an era of reforms. Yet, when it comes to questions of ‘morality’ or  ‘criticism’, we prefer status quo. We exhibit a mindset that is anything but reform-friendly, a mindset  that has stagnated through centuries in the swamp of colonized indoctrination. If we keep on censoring new ideas we will fail to develop as a society. It will jeopardize democracy by not allowing the public free access to knowledge, which is essential to preserving the liberty characteristic of a true democracy. . When educated masses burn temples and mosques, when these people start killing hindus, muslims, sikh in the name of religion, when they carry out murders in the name of girl child, how can you say that censorhip is will blot out circulation of false ideas and violence in society. We need to ask ourselves that are we responsible enough to make a true judgement?? Can we excercise true rsponsibility if given full freedom?? One must remember the fact that "censorship always defeats its own purpose, for it creates, in the end, the kind of society that is incapable of exercising real discretion".

Monday, February 18, 2013

Women and New Nation State


Gender was a crucial lens through which colonial societies viewed their populations. Patriarchy worked in these societies in pragmatic and discursive forms, normalising certain cultural practices, social customs and ways of being as ‘true’ or ‘natural’. Women were twice colonised in their simultaneous experience of patriarchy and colonialism, doubly demoted to the obscure margins by patriarchal and imperial discourses and narratives that celebrated male- oriented values, such as bonding between men and reticent heroism, outdoor activities like battles, exploration and missionary activities, and the strong silent men who went to ‘take up the white man’s burden’ in barbaric, uncomfortable, steaming colonies.

The convergence of the contradictions and paradoxes of class, gender and race affiliations, created the ‘racialization of domestic space’ as well as ‘the domestication of colonial space’. Tropes such as gender, race, patriarchy, maternity, femininity, and domesticity were re-inscribed and reconstructed in the service of colonialism and modernity, and nations were frequently figured through the iconography of familial and domestic space. Within this space, women were represented as the atavistic and authentic body of national tradition; men, by contrast, represented the progressive agent of national modernity, embodying nationalism’s progressive or revolutionary principle of discontinuity.

In her essay ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’, Gayatri Spivak (1987) posed a challenging question for scholars of gender and colonialism. She asked if the double eliding of native women by colonisation and patriarchy precludes their voices from ever being heard. If human subjectivity is inscribed like a palimpsest; written and re-written by ‘violently shuttling’ discourses of power and knowledge and from shifting positions and locations, then it is impossible to retrieve subaltern agency from the colonial archives since one cannot assume that the colonised person has autonomy and that the archive presents a transparent record of her/his agency. The issue of gender further complicates this task, as the colonial archive usually contains the stories of men: ‘As object of colonialist historiography and as subject of insurgency, the ideological construction of gender keeps the male dominant. If, in the context of colonial production, the subaltern has no history and cannot speak, the subaltern as female is even more deeply in shadow’. However, Spivak does not imply that the engaged intellectual who wishes to highlight the oppression should therefore do nothing. Rather, she advocates the adoption of the Gramscian maxim, ‘pessimism of the intellect, optimism of the will’, or the combination of a philosophical skepticism about recovering any subaltern agency with a political commitment to making visible the position of the marginalized: ‘The subaltern cannot speak. There is no virtue in global laundry lists with ‘woman’ as pious item. Representation has not withered away. The female intellectual as intellectual has a circumscribed task which she must not disown with a flourish’ (Spivak 1987, 308).

Ania Loomba in her book ‘Colonial Postcolonial’ says that under colonial regime, the image of nation or culture is often manifested as a female, which evokes both female power and female helplessness. Aurobindo writes ‘I know my country as Mother. I offer her my devotions, my worship. If a monster sits as upon her breast and prepares to suck her blood, what does her child do? Does he quietly sit down to his meal…or rush to rescue?’ Thus the image of nation as mother both assembles and undercuts female power.
Feminist and post colonialist theories share much common ground due to their examination of the voice, and the position of, the subaltern in society. Their critiques of, and struggles against, domination by the white male has led to their alignment and relevant discussions about their similar problems, affects and strategies. since the 1980s, there has emerged a divergent element to feminist postcolonial theory which has focused on the 'double colonization' that women colonized by both race and gender have suffered, leading to questions of  which should be dealt with first, the discrimination they have suffered for not being white or not being male. They share with colonized races and people an intimate experience of the politics of oppression and repression, and like them they have been forced to articulate their experiences in the language of oppressors. 


Saturday, February 16, 2013

Unloved

A saree clad woman, applying bindi on her forehead,
singing tunes to herself, moves towards her mirror,
wondering if she looked beautiful,
"its the day of love", she said.

She blushed as her rosy cheeks sparkled,
and smelled of a rosy fragnance,
a thousand mile long her dimpled smile,
bore her love unheard and unsaid,

Her hazel eyes looked extraordinary, expressing the unexpressed,
her lips, bright red, told the untold;
she rose and walked towards the corridor,
stealthily, with her bosom pressed.

Anxiously standing, she watched 
other women looked their best too;
she wondered as pink and red sarees
walked around and gossiped about their fellow men.

She didn't expect roses to come her way,
yet she smiled, as the day brought some
extra earnings and make a living 
for herself and her child.

Lost in her thoughts, struck by a manly figure,
she promptly recomposed herself,
thus taking him in, and laid bare 
the bruises lying underneath.



Sunday, July 29, 2012

The Journey


hello,

It has been a really long time i have written something on my blog. I was away for a long period of time, travelling over places. The moments i have lived in past two months have been either too good or too bad. But definetly, here, i will share some of the best moments that have been archived in my heart. My first visit was to chennai. Yes, a very humid place and therefore perhaps the last place a traveller would think of visiting. Well this is in my case too, my visit was scheduled purely for some work. Although it later turned out to be an adventurous trip.

 Moving around in too crowded places, having coconut water for free (every household in chennai have a coconut and a banana tree, and a well too),  acting mutely to make non-hindi-and-english speaking people understand my queries, inhaling the fragnance of 'gajras' (which were present perhaps at every possible place), (and the list of these wierd experiences goes on) made it a tough but a memorable experience :) Probably there might be nothing very striking about the place but the people, their lifestyle, and yes, the food too, define the best of Chennai!!
The best part of the visit was that i learnt to appreciate the minor details of life and place that we usually miss out while living in cities like delhi and mumbai!! There is still a layer of congeniality, an innateness that surrounds that place and its people.

i would like to describe my experience in these words...


On a solitary walk across a road
i passed through trees and birds,
banyan smiled at me from a distance,
mynah chirped her chorus song.

Walking through melodies i entered a grassland
where dewy grass tickeled my feet,
a lively fragnance rushed across my face
and my friends made me a greet.

Rabbits, deers, goats, elephants
came to me and said hello.
Birds flew near me,
and accosted with their rock-and-roll.

I danced along with them throughout night,
laughed and cheered, lived every moment by and by,
the trees sang along with us,
and leaves too made a salsa show.

Sunday, April 29, 2012

Festering Wounds

Lying open, bare and untouched,
staring at me with a hideous face,
haunting my-self to the caverns of death,
an enigma of life I do trace.

Realising the painless pain,
and the smile that has drained.
I want to cry aloud,
hiding in a cloak of shadows and cloud.

Captivated in my own world,
no words to lament, no words to say,
Unravelling the mysteries on this state,
I am the Prometheus of today.

Looking at the colors of the wound,
Red, Pink, Yellow and white,
a drop of tear rolls down,
and I shut my eyes wide.

I dare to bare the ugliness
and the endless wait.
I escape the turmoils of the self
and regain the zeal to recreate.

I flow along with river,
like a leaf along with winds;
crossing all the barricades and,
breaking all the inibhitions.

Birds sing in rejoice and,
creating music out of agony;
playing on my dead lute and,
forming new notes of symphony.

An incessant desire is, thus, born in me,
an endeavour to outlive imperils of world,
the need to fly high above the realms of everyday
and to relive the moments of love.

But. Oh! another tear rolls by my face
and pierce through my wounds,
waking me out of my dreams,
and leaving them afresh.

Thursday, December 29, 2011

the romantic imagination


Being as an English literature student I have always welcomed the chance of learning new ideas. I have seen myself as a small fish in this vast ocean of whose vastness I really don’t seem to have any idea. Although I have been a part of it since 3 years but every time I come across any new piece of work I have felt myself as a beginner, who have just started to know what literature is all about and the aura that it carries within itself.

I underwent a similar experience when I first read about Wordsworth – the man of romantic poetry!! Well let me make out very clear here itself, “romantic” doesn’t just mean what we (as the 21st century generation) perceive about it!! It is much more than our imagination can ever think about!! Romantics…romanticism…were much sought after words in post neo-classical age (18th century). Imagination was a fundamental part of that era. Poets of this age like William Wordsworth, S.T.Coleridge and so on were conscious of a wonderful capacity to create imaginary worlds. This belief in imagination was part of the contemporary belief in individual self. The romantics created the worlds of their own and also succeeded in persuading others that their world were not merely fanciful!! Their aim was to convey the mystery of things through individual manifestations; they appeal not to the logical mind but to the complete self, to the whole range of intellectual faculties, senses and emotions.

In nature all the romantic poets found their initial inspiration. Through it they found those exalting moments when they passed from sight to vision and pierced to the secrets of the universe. Nature lifted Wordsworth out of himself; he sought for a higher state in which its soul and the soul of man should be united in a single harmony. As a romantic poet his task was to find through the imagination some transcendental order, which explains the world of appearances and accounts not merely for the existence of visible things but for the effect, which they have on us, for the sudden beating of the heart in the presence of beauty. His poetry serves to enlighten the whole conscious self of man; wake the imagination to the reality, which lies behind familiar things; it makes us see that mere logic is not enough and that what we need is inspired intuition.

Wordsworth says that the duty of the poetry is ‘to treat things not as they are, but as they appear, not as they exist in themselves, but as they seem to exist to the senses…’. His poem “Tintern Abbey” distils and retells the maturation process of the poet himself, his imagination and his relationship with Nature through a narrative of Wordsworth time spend on the banks of Wye River and his remembrances of it. Wordsworth produced a style of poetry which was psychologically persuasive and based on direct autobiographical experience. In his view poetry was a philosophical vehicle and meditative activity formed from ‘emotion recollected in tranquillity’; it was a means of apprehending a natural landscape charged with divine significance. His poetry is the poetry of consciousness becoming aware of itself, a poetry of transcendence in which individual soul touches Divinity by putting aside the petty needs of ego and materialistic distractions. He achieved morality from nature; it was “the anchor of my purest thoughts/the nurse, the guide, the guardians of my heart and soul”.